Intake of >5 g/day of butter (vs. non-consumers) had no effect on CVD risk but was associated with a non-statistically significant 24% lower risk of T2DM. In men, higher butter intake was linked with larger LDL and HDL particles sizes (P < 0.01 for both) and a lower LDL: HDL ratio (P < 0.01). Consuming >7 g/day (vs. ≤2) of margarine was associated with a 48% (95% CI: 1.03–2.13) increased risk of CVD and a 68% (95% CI: 1.00–2.82) higher risk of T2DM in women. In men, higher margarine intake was associated with much weaker, non-statistically significant increased risks of CVD and T2DM. Finally, total intake of oils (>7 vs. ≤2 g/day) was associated with a strong reduced risk of T2DM (HR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.36–0.85) in men but not women. There was no effect of margarine or oils on lipid particle sizes in either men or women.
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Dear reader, a variety of articles, studies and recipe ideas are within this blog, but please note, not all may be suitable for you.
If you may have any food allergies, or underlying health issues these must always be taken into account. If you are a diabetic and not sure how certain foods may affect your blood sugars, test is best, i.e. use your meter.
All the best Jan