Each 100-mg more magnesium intake from spices, nuts, beans, and so forth was associated with 22% lower risk of heart failure, 7% lower stroke risk, and 19% lower risk of type 2 diabetes. There was also a 10% lower mortality risk with each 100 mg greater daily magnesium intake.
"Magnesium deficiency is relatively common, affecting between 2.5% and 15% of the general population," lead author Fudi Wang, PhD, of China's Zhejiang University, said in a press release. "Our findings will be important for informing the public and policy makers on dietary guidelines to reduce magnesium deficiency related health risks."
Long Live Optimism
A general expectation that good things will happen was associated with nearly 30% better survival chances over 8 years across major causes of mortality in an analysis of the 70,000-person Nurses Health Study in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
The top 25% most optimistic women compared with the least optimistic quartile had:
38% lower risk of dying from heart disease
16% lower risk of dying from cancer
39% lower risk of dying from stroke
38% lower risk of dying from respiratory disease
52% lower risk of dying from infection
While the observational findings couldn't determine causality or mechanism, healthy behaviors like diet, physical activity and key determinants like high blood pressure and ethnicity only partially explained the associations, the researchers noted.
"Previous studies have shown that optimism can be altered with relatively uncomplicated and low-cost interventions -- even something as simple as having people write down and think about the best possible outcomes for various areas of their lives, such as careers or friendships," one of the lead authors, Kaitlin Hagan, ScD, MPH, of the Harvard School of Public Health, said in a press release. "Encouraging use of these interventions could be an innovative way to enhance health in the future."
Epilepsy developed in about 11% of patients chronically after a stroke, with higher rates in younger stroke patients and those with more extensive brain damage on MRI, according to a 1,000-patient retrospective British study reported at the American Epilepsy Society meeting in Houston.
"Many physicians treating stroke patients don't realize that falls, episodes of confusion, and loss of consciousness may be signs of post-stroke epilepsy," lead author Beate Diehl, MD, PhD, of University College London, said in a statement. "Post-stroke epileptic seizures can negatively affect stroke recovery and rehabilitation."