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Thursday 17 September 2015

Three-year-old girl diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Doctor who treated possibly the youngest child known to have developed the obesity-linked disease says reversal is possible with early screening.

A three-and-a-half-year-old girl has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, possibly the youngest child known to have developed the disease, which is linked to diet and obesity.

The girl, from a Hispanic family, was diagnosed in Houston, Texas, by Dr Michael Yafi, a paediatric endocrinologist with the University of Texas. In a written presentation to the European Association for the Study of Diabetes conference in Stockholm, Yafi said she had been brought to his clinic because she was obese.

The girl weighed 35kg (5st 7lbs), putting her in the heaviest 5% of children her age. She was also in the top 5% for height and body mass index (BMI), a measure of obesity.

The child was suffering from excessive thirst and frequent urination, but her medical history was otherwise unremarkable. She was born at term weighing 3.2kg(7lbs). Although both her parents were obese, there was no family history of diabetes.

A review of the family’s diet found they had “poor nutritional habits”, the conference heard. Their food was high in calories and fat. Tests suggested diabetes, but the results ruled out type 1, which usually has its onset in childhood.

“Based on symptoms, physical findings of obesity and laboratory results, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes was made,” Yafi said.

The child was put on metformin, an oral drug given to people with type 2 diabetes. Her family was asked to change the types of food they most often ate and to eat smaller portions, and to encourage the girl to be more active.

The treatment worked. The girl lost weight and the drugs were gradually reduced over six months, at the end of which she was 75% of the weight she had been when she first arrived at the clinic. Her blood glucose levels had returned to normal and she no longer had type 2 diabetes.

“Reversal of type 2 diabetes in children is possible by early screening of obese children, early diagnosis, appropriate therapy and lifestyle modification,” Yafi said.

More on this story here.

"A review of the family’s diet found they had “poor nutritional habits”, the conference heard. Their food was high in calories and fat."

What's the betting the diet was also high in carbs, sugar and junk processed food.



Debbie said...

hoping for the best for this little one!!!

Blogoratti said...

Great stuff to learn, awareness is important. Having diabetes at such an early age must be daunting indeed.

DeniseinVA said...

Poor little girl, I hope her health improves but so many people need to start looking at what they eat, especially parents for their children's sake. I see advertisements on TV from restaurants that pile plates high with greasy, unhealthy foods. They send such a bad message. More is better!!! I don't think so, unless it is sending more healthy food our way. I am eating more at home now. At least I know what goes into our food and articles like this inspire me. Thank you so much!

Gail said...

Good to know it can be reversed.

Thanks for visiting, Jan.

Down by the sea said...

That's so sad to read for that child to be affected at such a young age. Thank goodness it could be reversed. Sarah x